Over the course of the war, union membership expanded to unprecedented levels. If a union and an employer are unable to reach agreement through the bargaining process, there are a number of options available. On 15 May 1919, between 25,000 and 30,000 workers left their workplaces at eleven o’clock in the morning. [30] Farmers had initially been promised exemption from conscription, and when this protection was removed, they organised against conscription. This strike united the Canadian labour movement around the demand for collective bargaining legislation, which it won in 1944 and which remains central to our industrial relations system. CM Dixon/Print Collector/Getty Images That election also saw numerous labour politicians elected to office: Joseph Shaw (1883-1944) and William Irvine (1885-1962) won as Labour candidates in Calgary, J. S. Woodsworth (1874-1942) in Winnipeg. Australian and Canadian Conscription Debates during the First World War, in: Australian Journal of Politics and History 61/2 (2015), p. 195. [25] This did not prevent many labour representatives from running in the election on anti-conscription platforms, and there were many demands to conscript wealth along with young men. Although income tax was introduced in 1916 and 1917, candidates from all political parties argued this did not go far enough. Mail stopped running, telephone service was suspended, and garbage collection ceased. Despite this, the TLC was unofficially recognized by the federal government as representing labour in Canada. 1949 – Aggregate union membership in Canada surpasses one million. Heron, Canadian Labour Movement 2012, p. 47. Heron, Craig: National Contours. Given its commitment to socialist principles, the OBU also favoured including as many people as possible. A union strike happens when the union and management are unable to negotiate to meet one another’s needs. Radicalization of labour increased, and the power of more conservative unions waned in the later war years. It claimed to speak for labour in Canada, when in fact few workers were organised into unions and not represented by the TLC. [29] The violence of the battlefields, thought to be far away, had reached Canada. [13] These numbers were not maintained in the post-war years, however. / Bright, David (eds. Many Ontario workers benefitted from the increase in war production, and were therefore less radical. After the guns fell silent, four rioters lay dead and many more had been wounded. The Canadian Government and the Suppression of the 1918 Quebec Easter Riots, in: Canadian Historical Review 89/4 (2008), pp. 2384, issued on 25 September 1918, declared several political groups and unions illegal, including the International Workers of the World (IWW), the Russian Social Democratic Party, the Russian Revolutionary Group, the Russian Social Revolutionists, the Russian Workers Union, the Ukrainian Revolutionary Group, the Ukrainian Social Democratic Party, the Social Democratic Party, the Social Labour Party, the Group of Social Democrats of Bolsheviki, the Group of Social Democrats of Anarchists, the Workers International Industrial Union, the Chinese Nationalist League, and the Chinese Labour Association. DOI: 10.15463/ie1418.11279. On October 14, 1976 over a million workers walked off the job across Canada as part of a General Strike called by the Canadian Labour Congress to protest the federal government’s plans to impose wage and price control legislation – a broken campaign promise and betrayal of workers by the Trudeau Liberal government. Farmers, particularly in Ontario and the Prairie provinces, became involved in the labour revolt because of conscription. [26] None of the labour candidates were elected, but the issue of conscription had brought labour into federal politics for good. For the majority of those employed, however, protesting a job is unthinkable, not to mention a fireable offense. The Trades and Labour Congress (TLC) was the strongest labour group in Canada in the pre-war period, but it was not a national organization. Conscription had brought different sections of labour into Canadian politics, forever changing the political landscape. [27] This deviates from the more traditional view that the riots resulted from French-Canadian dissatisfaction with the war effort and the enforcing of conscription in Quebec. Transit workers were denied salary or compensation increases, due to a reported $3M deficit. Labour Strike. ): The Workers’ Revolt in Canada 1917-1925, Toronto 1998, p. 147. At the end of 1915, membership in Canada was at 140,000, and by 1916, had marginally increased to 160,000. The government curtailed civil liberties and used conscription in an effort to limit the influence of radical labour leaders, but had little success. There is some truth to this, but other factors more strongly motivated the protestors. [21] Order-in-Council P.C. Canada’s labour movement has a long history of improving workers’ everyday lives. Non-skilled women entering the workforce were a large concern, as they threatened the traditionally male-dominated industrial occupations that allowed unions to maintain their power within Canadian labour. "Timeline of labour issues and events in Canada", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Royal Commission on the Relations of Labour and Capital, 2009 City of Toronto inside and outside workers strike, Bill 115 'Putting Students First Act 2012', Communications, Energy and Paperworkers Union of Canada, "Vancouver Island War", Knowledge Network preview/summary video, Canada's Sweetheart: The Saga of Hal C. Banks - NFB - Collection, "Fighting the good fight: Homer Seguin tells his story", "1973 – 1982: CUPE Becomes a Seasoned Political Force", "Merger of Retail Clerks, Meat Cutters Created Union Exceeding 1.2 Million", "Vale reaches deal with workers at Sudbury nickel mine", https://www.thecoast.ca/RealityBites/archives/transit-strike/, Records of Mayworks labour festival are held by Simon Fraser University's Special Collections and Rare Books, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_labour_issues_and_events_in_Canada&oldid=977718064, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from October 2010, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1900 – Parliament passes the Conciliation Act and establishes the federal, 1912–1914 – Great Coal Strike on Vancouver Island, aka, 1914 – The Workmen's Compensation Act, the first social insurance legislation in Canadian history, was adopted by the, 1919 - Western Labour Conference in Calgary leads to creation of, 1924 - An informal coalition of progressive, 1925 - One coal miner was killed and many injured during a protest as a result of a major strike at the, 1939 - Canada Declares war on Germany (1939), August 1940 – The first compulsory national. 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