Furthermore, this universe of discourse is in the strictest sense the ultimate subject of the discourse.[39]. Their life together was serene but short, for Boole died on Dec. 8, 1864, of pneumonia. He met his future wife, Mary Everest, there in 1850 while she was visiting her uncle John Ryall who was professor of Greek. Boole's academic career has been covered in a biography by Desmond MacHale, The Life and Work of George Boole (Boole Press 1985, reprinted by Cork University Press 2014). Contrary to widespread belief, Boole never intended to criticise or disagree with the main principles of Aristotle's logic. George Boole (1815-1864) was a British mathematician and is known as the founder of mathematical logic. Keynes believed that Boole had made a fundamental error in his definition of independence which vitiated much of his analysis. [1] Boole immediately became involved in the Lincoln Topographical Society, serving as a member of the committee, and presenting a paper entitled "On the origin, progress, and tendencies of polytheism", especially amongst the ancient Egyptians and Persians, and in modern India. He was born in Lincoln on 2 Nov. 1815 and died at Ballintemple on the 8 Dec. 1864. "[66][67] In addition, he stated that he perceived "teeming evidences of surrounding design" and concluded that "the course of this world is not abandoned to chance and inexorable fate."[68][69]. Combining his interests in mathematics and theology, he compared the Christian trinity of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost with the three dimensions of space, and was attracted to the Hebrew conception of God as an absolute unity. [71], Mary Boole claimed that there was profound influence – via her uncle George Everest – of Indian thought in general and Indian logic, in particular, on George Boole, as well as on Augustus De Morgan and Charles Babbage:[73], Think what must have been the effect of the intense Hinduizing of three such men as Babbage, De Morgan, and George Boole on the mathematical atmosphere of 1830–65. Among other results, he proved what is now called Boole's identity: for any real numbers ak > 0, bk, and t > 0. Death. They married some years later in 1855. The conception of a Boolean algebra structure on equivalent statements of a propositional calculus is credited to Hugh MacColl (1877), in work surveyed 15 years later by Johnson. Now, whatever may be the extent of the field within which all the objects of our discourse are found, that field may properly be termed the universe of discourse. Theodore Hailperin showed much earlier that Boole had used the correct mathematical definition of independence in his worked out problems. Boole died at the young age of 49 while he living in Ireland. In relation to his delicate constitution Mary Boole is quoted as saying that he suffered from, ‘hereditary disease of the lungs, aggravated by residence in a damp climate, with a nervous system sensitive in the highest degree.’. pp. In late November 1864, Boole walked, in heavy rain, from his home at Lichfield Cottage in Ballintemple[43] to the university, a distance of three miles, and lectured wearing his wet clothes. Studies in Logic and Probability. George had walked to college in the rain, lectured, and returned home which prompted the sickness. George Boole was nominated as a Mathematics good article, but it did not meet the good article criteria at the time. Memorial ID. George Boole was born November 2, 1815 in Lincoln, Lincolnshire,England, into a family of modest means, with a father who wasevidently more of a good companion than a good breadwinner. [44][45][46] Boole's condition worsened and on 8 December 1864,[47] he died of fever-induced pleural effusion. An Investigation of the Laws of Thought. [60] The Claims of Science was given in 1851 at Queen's College, Cork. [70] Mary Boole stated that an adolescent mystical experience provided for his life's work: My husband told me that when he was a lad of seventeen a thought struck him suddenly, which became the foundation of all his future discoveries. p. 201-202, Boole, George. Boolean logic is credited with laying the foundations for the information age Boole maintained that, Unlike Leibniz, though, Boole came to see logic as […] 1822. He was buried in the Church of Ireland cemetery of St Michael's, Church Road, Blackrock (a suburb of Cork). Birth. George Boole : biography 2 November 1815 – 8 December 1864 Mary Boole claimed profound influence (via her uncle George Everest) of Indian thought on Boole, as well as Augustus De Morgan and Charles Babbage: Think what must have been the effect of the intense Hinduizing of three such men as Babbage, De Morgan, and […] A 2003 article[38] provides a systematic comparison and critical evaluation of Aristotelian logic and Boolean logic; it also reveals the centrality of wholistic reference in Boole's philosophy of logic. English mathematician, philosopher and logician, "Boole" redirects here. For other uses, see, "Boole's legacy surrounds us everywhere, in the computers, information storage and retrieval, electronic circuits and controls that support life, learning and communications in the 21st century. In 1855, he had married Mary Everest, a niece of the man after … [34], In 1847 Boole published the pamphlet Mathematical Analysis of Logic. Mountain View Cemetery. Employing the properties of electrical switches to process logic is the basic concept that underlies all modern electronic digital computers. His pivotal advances in mathematics, logic and probability provided the essential groundwork for modern mathematics, microelectronic engineering and computer science. In 1921 the economist John Maynard Keynes published a book on probability theory, A Treatise of Probability. But a plaque placed within the church by his widow, gives more of a clue to his noble life. It was a contribution to the theory of linear differential equations, moving from the case of constant coefficients on which he had already published, to variable coefficients. In 1849, Boole was appointed first professor of mathematics in Ireland’s new Queen’s College (now University College) Cork and taught and worked there until his tragic and premature death in 1864. 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