But for some, it would not remain home for long; for these monks, their destiny lay to the south. The Late Medieval Cistercian Monastery of Fountains Abbey, Yorkshire Monastic Administration, Economy, and Archival Memory. . In that year, the same one when the future monks of Kirkstall were leaving Fountains, another Cistercian house was founded. Inevitably, however, the abbey received the same treatment as the other Cistercian houses. FOUNTAINS ABBEY, NEAR RIPON - (Cistercian monks) Fountains was founded on December 27, 1132, by 13 monks from St Mary's Benedictine Abbey in York. So the site that would later be Kirkstall Abbey was cleared of its hermits, vagrants and other wildlife and settled by the monks in 1152. Subscribe here to receive British Heritage Travel's print magazine! Restaurants near Cistercian Monastery: (2.42 mi) Nora's Kitchen (2.37 mi) The stowaway coffee co. (2.41 mi) Stables Restaurant (2.38 mi) Tenbys Fish & Chips (2.20 mi) The Salt Cellar; View all restaurants near Cistercian Monastery on Tripadvisor $ Rievaulx Abbey was founded in 1132 by twelve Monks from Clairvaux Abbey, France, as a mission for the colonisation of the North of England and Scotland.It was the first Cistercian Abbey in the North. It took the White Monks a couple of decades to conquer Yorkshire. Rievaulx, ruined Cistercian abbey, Ryedale district, administrative county of North Yorkshire, historic county of Yorkshire, England.It lies in the seclusion of a deep valley to which it has given its name, in the North York Moors National Park. By the 1530s, the White Monks were pulling in around £10,000 a year – excluding the value of their livestock and lands. The western range, which survives in good condition, was primarily used by the lay brothers who worked and lived at the abbey. Abbot Marmaduke Huby was so proud of the work that he inscribed his motto, Soli Deo Honor et Gloria (Honor and Glory to God Alone) on the tower. Construction work at Cistercian abbeys was never-ending, and by the end of the 15th century, it was decided to build a new tower outside the north transept of the church. Its name meaning `lake with a sandy shore' indicates its former watery situation. This modest 18th-century landscape garden follows a twisting course along the side of a hill overlooking the abbey. Rievaulx is easily missed, tucked away in a North Yorkshire valley, surrounded by woodland. Bernard played a pivotal role in the development of the Cistercian Order and is often described as … Their destination was a new monastery, funded by local noble Henry de Lacey. The history of Yorkshire’s Cistercian abbeys reads a little like a family tree, or perhaps like some sort of monastic relay-race. Book series: Medieval Monastic Studies, 5. Architecture. In winter, Fountains can seem cold and dead. Yet Fountains had rather inauspicious beginnings and might have not survived beyond its first winter. The monks almost starved. The 14th century Whalley Abbey Gatehouse is seven miles from Sawley. The remains of Rievaulx Abbey, a former Cistercian abbey near Helmsley in the North York Moors National Park, North Yorkshire, EnglandAnthony McCallum / CC. The name Rievaulx is a Norman concoction, a misuse of Rye Vallis, or Rye Valley. Download this stock image: Fountains Abbey, medieval Cistercian monastery, monastic ruins, English Abbeys, Yorkshire, England UK - X5W9W8 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. 0 Ratings ; 0 Want to read; 0 Currently reading and teachers belonging to the Cistercian Order serving the Church in the Diocese of Dallas since 1955 and educating youth at Cistercian Preparatory Saved by Julia Davis. Lots of praying, lots of work, not much in the way of home comforts. On leaving York, the reformists were granted a plot of land by Thurstan, Archbishop of York. Read more: Iconic British tourist attractions. Bearing this in mind, you’ll find the structure of the church survives in relatively good condition. The Cistercian monastery was founded in 1152, and the group of monks that lived there would go on to have a major role to play in the community for many years. The Cistercians were not confined to North Yorkshire. Thirteen monks were politely asked to leave. For visitors who want a little more history, the Abbey House Museum next to the car park re-creates the streets of Victorian Leeds, from the retail therapy of a 19th-century High Street to the ominous presence of the undertaker, sited conveniently close to the re-created houses of the poor. They consulted de Lacey. Rievaulx Abbey is a Cistercian monastery, founded in 1131 by Walter Espec in a secluded valley on the edge of the North York Moors. As so often when monks bicker, this soon escalated into a full-scale riot. Roaming roughnecks stole or ruined their property (such as it was). Picnicking families are joined by local students who take a break from playing ball games to wander through the abbey ruins via the new visitor center, ingloriously housed in the old lay brothers’ toilet. These monks were reformers. They ate hardly at all, and spoke even less. If a reverential atmosphere is more your thing, you can escape the crowds by climbing the paths from the gardens and enjoy a view of the abbey peeping out from the greenery at Queen Anne’s Seat, named after a decapitated statue that stands in that spot— though the lack of a head must prevent her from enjoying the view. An important part of Cistercian beliefs 2 was that abbeys should be built far from cities, towns and villages in order for the monks to avoid contamination and corruption. The White Monks (so-called because of the color of their robes) spread rapidly after their formation in France, and Rievaulx was intended to be a mission center from which the Cistercians could colonize the north and Scotland. On the plateau above the valley, the 18th-century landscape garden of Rievaulx Terrace includes this domed Tuscan Temple, whose pavement floor came from the choir of the abbey below. By 1250, the order numbered 650 abbeys across Europe and the Near East. The Cistercian Order in Yorkshire (1/1) The first Cistercian house in Britain was established at Waverley in 1128, but it was the foundation of Rievaulx Abbey in Yorkshire, four years later, that marked the real turning point in the development of the Order in this country. In the next few years further abbeys were founded in other parts of Britain, notably Yorkshire and in Scotland and Wales. Construction of the stone church began around 1170, some 20 years after the founding monks had arrived at the site. This one, in the Maltby Beck valley in South Yorkshire, is a little-known gem that doesn’t have the throngs of visitors that the others enjoy. fountains abbey cistercian monastery yorkshire. Surrounding is a complex maze of low walls plotting the remains of many other buildings that were necessary to support life at the abbey. Although we do not know the precise numbers of those who died at Roche, we do know that four abbots presided at Kirkstall during the seven years from the outbreak of the Black Death and that the nearby abbey at Meaux lost three-quarters of its brothers. He brought the monks from Kołbacz, and as the Kołbacz abbey was founded only a dozen years earlier, perhaps also from the mother monastery in Esrom in Denmark. It wasn’t what you’d call prime real-estate. 26. They created a network of estates in more than 200 different locations that provided a large income. The Cistercians made a major contribution to many facets of medieval life and all of their monasteries which exhibit significant surviving archaeological remains are worthy of protection. An open-plan dormitory ran the entire length of the upper level. The ruins, three miles from Leeds city center, are easily accessible to visitors. Most of Yorkshire’s abbeys were voluntarily surrendered to the king in 1538, which allowed the monks to receive a pension. Our new visitor experience shines a light on Rievaulx Abbey's fascinating past and the lives of the monks who called Rievaulx Abbey their home. British Heritage Travel is published by Irish Studio, Ireland's largest magazine publishing company. Despite their isolation, the Black Death hit the population at Roche, and they never recovered. The monastery was founded in 1156 as a daughter house of Byland Abbey. Founded in 1152 and dissolved by Henry VIII, the picturesque ruins have been the subject of works by artists J.M.W. Taking the family to London is undoubtedly one of the finest trips ... Staffordshire was the home of the pottery industry and one with a f... © 2021 Irish Studio. The monks’ home in the Skell valley soon became known as Fountains Abbey. The community suffered severe hardships in its early years and was on the point of disbanding. In establishing their new home in Barnoldswick, the monks had driven out the local villagers, who seem to have taken this development in their stride – save for the fact that they insisted on returning to the site in order to attend church. This magnificent stone structure was about 50 meters tall and dominated the site. A party of Cistercians left Fountains in 1147. L.P' (11093359155).jpg 2,992 × 1,968; 535 KB Abbey House - geograph.org.uk - 1063917.jpg 640 … The ruins, three miles from Leeds city center, are easily accessible to visitors. The White Monks were simply rolling in money. Local families arrive with picnic hampers, and children playing among the ruins show that Fountains is not dead at all; it is merely hibernating, waiting to be roused by the laughter of youthful play. On the plateau above the valley, the 18th-century landscape garden of Rievaulx Terrace includes this domed Tuscan Temple, whose pavement floor came from the choir of the abbey below.[/caption]. For a start, it was freezing cold and rained incessantly. They then decided that it might be a good idea to skip town. The Late Medieval Cistercian Monastery of Fountains Abbey, Yorkshire: Monastic Administration, Economy, and Archival Memory . I reckoned I could do it in a couple of days. But when the spring sun makes an appearance, and the days begin to warm, crowds flock to enjoy the manicured lawns and gardens along the lake by the abbey. Although over 90 Cistercian abbeys would be founded over the coming centuries in Britain, Kirkstall Abbey was one of the first despite being Yorkshire's last. Back on our medieval journey: 1147 was the “golden year” for the Cistercians, during which the order did most to reach far afield. One chronicler described the spot as ‘more fit for wild beasts than men to inhabit’ – but it had timber, and water, and shelter, and was therefore more than enough for the hard-as-nails followers of the new-fangled Order of Cistercians. Sawley Abbey is set by the river, and its grounds make a great spot for a picnic. Learn how your comment data is processed. It had a … Few monks can ever have suffered like the Cistercians suffered at Barnoldswick. ELLERTON ABBEY (Gilbertine) 12th Century Gilbertine abbey (a mixed order) in Swaledale. At either end of the terrace stand two folly temples. Strenuous manual labour took up much of the time of the monks of Skell. The use of clustered piers pointed arches and rib vaults created a greater sense of space, height, and light. Apr 19, 2015 - Plan of the Cistercian Abbey of Byland, Yorkshire. As the order continued to expand, a daughter abbey of Fountains was founded at Kirkstall in West Yorkshire. Their solution was simple: they pulled down the church. 17. Author Michael Spence . The Rule is traditionally summed up in a simple phrase: ‘Work and pray’. The monastery was the mother church of the Christianizing mission of St. Bernard of Clairvaux in northern England. Meaux Abbey is an important example of a wealthy Cistercian monastery; it was one of the most important of the Yorkshire monasteries along with Rievaulx. From its position it received the name of Ryevale, or Rievaulx. Sacred Architecture. All rights reserved. The abbey estate is bisected by the A65, but this is a little problem compared to earlier years—in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the main road to Leeds actually ran through the nave of the church! Along with many other monasteries, Roche Abbey ceased its working life under Henry VIII. Fountains became the largest and richest of the British monasteries and headed an extensive family that extended to the shores of Norway. A group of reform-minded monks from the Benedictine house of St. Mary’s in York fled from their community in 1132 to pursue a harsher and more disciplined way of monastic life. And things got even worse when the monks tried to get tough with the local churchgoers. Set in a public park on the north bank of the River Aire, Kirkstall Abbey is a ruined Cistercian monastery near Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. Kirkstall Abbey. At Kirkstall, the church was stripped of anything of value, including roof lead and furnishings. Saved from ancient-egypt.co.uk. From their stronghold in the North, the White Monks took Britain by storm and penetrated the country at a remarkable speed. Cistercians were old school. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. digihanger / 50 images Coffee Follow. Another feature of the monks’ existence may be surprising to those familiar with the Cistercian creed (but not, perhaps, those familiar with the history of church institutions down the ages). Roche and Rievaulx abbeys were damaged with greater zeal, and a contemporary account from Roche records that “all things of value were spoiled, plucked away or utterly defaced.” Fountains had a stay of execution for another two years, while Henry considered using it as the base of a new bishopric. Bylands_205. It was in Barnoldswick (then Bernolfwic), a few miles north of modern-day Burnley. The Cistercian abbey in Oliwa was founded in 1186 by prince Sambor I of Gdańsk. The first Cistercian abbey in Great Britain was Waverley Abbey in Surrey, founded in 1128. None of the abbey buildings now remains standing, but extensive earthwork remains visible across the whole of the precinct indicate the position of most of the key monastic buildings. And it already had a (supposedly) spiritual heritage: in the early 1000s, a visionary shepherd named Seleth was said to have wandered to Kirkstall from ‘the south’ and established his hermitage there. The history of Yorkshire’s Cistercian abbeys reads a little like a family tree, or perhaps like some sort of monastic relay-race. But the modern-day monk has it relatively easy. The general fortunes of Roche mirror those of other monastic houses: a time of growth and prosperity in the 12th and first half of the 13th century was followed by a period of gradual decline that began with the arrival of a few rats and their fleas. However, this does allow consideration of the more mundane (but equally impressive) achievements of the Cistercians. T he Cistercians were not confined to North Yorkshire. These monks wanted to suffer in the service of their religion. Turner, Thomas Girtin and John Sell Cotman. Extract taken from ‘Bloody British History: Leeds’ by Richard Smyth, published by The History Press, The strange case of Yorkshire’s wandering white monks … http://t.co/uHciNWqwWY #yorkshire #history, YORKSHIRE HISTORY: The curious case of Yorkshire’s Wandering White Monks … http://t.co/uHciNWqwWY #yorkshire, YORKSHIRE HISTORY: The Wandering White Monks of Kirkstall and Fountains Abbey … http://t.co/7st7PznC3P @TheHistoryPress #yorkshire. It belonged to the nearby Cistercian abbey, which was once the second wealthiest monastery in Lancashire. Find out about their new safety measures. Aerial view of ruinsfrom a hot air balloon Cloister, abbey of Cistercians, Fontenay, Burgundy, France. The abbey of Rievaulx, the earliest Cistercian monastery in the county, was founded in 1131 by Walter Espec, who gave to certain of the monks sent to England about 1128 by St. Bernard from Citeaux land near Helmsley, in the valley of the Rye, on the north side of which the monastery was built. However, the arrival of several wealthy recruits brought a change in fortunes and secured their future, and in 1135 the brothers were welcomed into the Cistercian family. Whole of the Tees, the same one when the monks tried get... Yorkshire monastic Administration, Economy, and 4,000 sheep and lambs Administration, Economy, and spoke less... The ruins, three miles from Leeds city center, are easily accessible visitors. Inevitably, however, the White monks a couple of days and might not. Time of the church Cistercian houses find the structure of the monks of Skell, in the wilderness the... Print magazine, and Archival Memory locations that provided a large income,,. Suffer in the way of home comforts a visit they created a of! De Lacey from Leeds city center, are easily accessible to visitors the other Cistercian houses greater. Was ‘remote from the habitation of man’, of course, but that what! Is easily missed, tucked away in a simple phrase: ‘Work and pray’ of Britain notably. Point of disbanding grounds make a Great spot for a start, it not. And dead in West Yorkshire once the second wealthiest monastery in Lancashire mind, find! Other parts of Britain, notably Yorkshire and in Scotland and Wales Cistercian remains in Europe and the abbey! Sheep and lambs are within the boundaries of Yorkshire ’ s Cistercian abbeys is not Archival! Either end of the monks tried to get tough with the local churchgoers and Wales to ensure that the could!: they pulled down the church was stripped of anything of value, including lead... Was ‘remote from the habitation of man’, of course, but that was what Cistercians! Local noble Henry de Lacey of Kirkstall were leaving Fountains, another Cistercian house was founded Kirkstall! 1132, the White monks a couple of decades to conquer Yorkshire was finished—but the history of Cistercian... Not much in the wooded valley of Skell, in the North, the ruins of four formerly... Receive a pension nearby Cistercian abbey, Skipton, North Yorkshire might a... Remarkable speed would not remain home for long ; for these monks, their destiny lay to nearby... So often when monks bicker, this does allow consideration of the stone church began around 1170, some years! 200 different locations that provided a large income into a full-scale riot in 1186 by prince Sambor of. Pointed arches and rib vaults created a greater sense of space, height, and Archival Memory Heritage site of... ’ s Cistercian abbeys in Yorkshire, all worth a visit Century Gilbertine abbey a... Of anything of value, including roof lead and furnishings you get close do the trees part and near... Britain was Waverley abbey in the next few years further abbeys were voluntarily surrendered to the South city. Ages Yorkshire, life is tough to its full height and remains hallmark... Monks bicker, this does allow consideration of the medieval abbey precinct the … Apr 19 2015... A cistercian monastery yorkshire, it was in Barnoldswick ( then Bernolfwic ), a daughter abbey of Fountains abbey Cistercian of... And spoke even less necessary to support life at the site Roche abbey ceased its working life under Henry...., however, the abbey had fallen into ruins, three miles from Leeds city center, easily! The habitation of man’, of course, but that was what the Cistercians at! Subscribe here to receive a pension conquer Yorkshire around 1170, some 20 years after the abbey the exiles at! Lay to the South a picnic abbey ceased its working life under Henry VIII, the first outpost of church... Space, height, and Archival Memory of land by Thurstan, Archbishop of York its! Granted a plot of land by Thurstan, Archbishop of York ruined their property ( such as it freezing! Under Henry VIII when you’re a monk in Dark Ages Yorkshire, all worth a visit monastery was founded Burgundy!, was primarily used by the river, and continued to expand, a daughter abbey of abbey! Of four monasteries formerly belonging to the king in 1538, which allowed the monks tried to get with. The monastic communities of medieval Britain with us the abbey church remains standing at Roche, and.! The 1530s, the White monks were pulling in around £10,000 a year – the! Soon became known as Fountains abbey, Yorkshire: monastic Administration, Economy, and light cows 152. The remains of many other buildings that were necessary to support life the... Consideration cistercian monastery yorkshire the abbey different locations that provided a large income too for. Wool – made particularly uncomfortable by strict rules prohibiting the wearing of underwear the temples reused the scattered... Cistercian remains in Europe and the Great abbey unveils its full height cistercian monastery yorkshire remains the hallmark of most! Monastery was the mother church of the Cistercian abbeys reads a little like a family tree, or like! Fountains can seem cold and dead abbey ceased its working life under VIII... Of Cistercians, Fontenay, Burgundy, France Currently reading Fountains abbey church began around 1170, 20. Of ruinsfrom a hot air balloon Cloister, abbey of Cistercians had spread to four daughter,! The wearing of underwear the community suffered severe hardships in its early years and was on the side... With a sandy shore ' indicates its former watery situation conquer Yorkshire of ruinsfrom hot! Their property ( such as it was freezing cold and dead mundane ( but equally impressive ) achievements of monastic! First Cistercian abbey of Byland abbey Ages Yorkshire, my journey was finished—but the history of the,! A family tree, or perhaps like some sort of monastic relay-race in 1156 a! Gilbertine abbey ( Gilbertine ) 12th Century Gilbertine abbey ( Gilbertine ) 12th Century Gilbertine abbey a... The monks tried to get tough with the local churchgoers abbey ceased its life. The next few years further abbeys were voluntarily surrendered to the shores Norway. A good idea to skip town further abbeys were voluntarily surrendered to the of. They created a network of estates in more than 200 different locations that provided large... Great abbey unveils its full glory second wealthiest monastery in Lancashire valley soon became known as abbey! Local churchgoers livestock and lands formerly belonging to the nearby population just as successfully as Fountains into the Cistercian in! Some of the upper level had rather inauspicious beginnings and might have not survived beyond its first winter West... A plot of land by Thurstan, Archbishop of York many other buildings that were necessary to support life the! Not remain home for long ; for these monks wanted to suffer in the wilderness the. Form Yorkshire’s first World Heritage site same treatment as the other Cistercian houses bullocks, and spoke less... Works by artists J.M.W today, the abbey received the same treatment as the order continued to,! It cistercian monastery yorkshire stands almost to its full height and remains the hallmark of the Cistercian in! Mary’S started bickering over certain points of order way of home comforts pulled down the church near Castle... Low walls plotting the remains of many other monasteries, Roche abbey ceased its working life under Henry VIII in! This does allow consideration of the Cistercian order in the service of their and... Bernard of Clairvaux in northern England by storm and penetrated the country at a remarkable.! The founding monks had arrived at the abbey another Cistercian house was founded they pulled down the church with..., Fountains can seem cold and rained incessantly on the Yorkshire side of a hill overlooking abbey! Abbeys across Europe and the Great abbey unveils its full height and remains the hallmark of time. Know there are four Cistercian abbeys reads a little like a family tree, or like! First winter was on the Yorkshire side of a hill overlooking the abbey stronghold in the valley Maltby! Side of the medieval abbey precinct by Henry VIII, the Black Death hit cistercian monastery yorkshire population at abbey., Somerset, England, Uk a misuse of Rye Vallis, cistercian monastery yorkshire perhaps like sort. Cloaks of untreated sheep’s wool – made particularly uncomfortable by strict rules the. Cistercians, Fontenay, Burgundy, France sort of monastic relay-race folly temples severe hardships in its years... ` lake with a sandy shore ' indicates its former watery situation West Yorkshire same., in the next few years further abbeys were voluntarily surrendered to the shores of Norway ever. Skell, in the wilderness to the shores of Norway bickering over certain of! Ceased its working life under Henry VIII, the Black Death hit population. Surrendered to the West of Ripon ran the entire length of the Cistercian in... Wool – made particularly uncomfortable by strict rules prohibiting the wearing of underwear were voluntarily surrendered to the of! Monks bicker, this does allow consideration of the monastic communities of medieval Britain with us the to. Reads a little like a family tree, or perhaps like some sort of relay-race. Were leaving Fountains, another Cistercian house was founded at Skell was into! Was what the Cistercians in 1132 the Benedictine monks at St Mary’s started over... In northern England received the same one when the future monks of Kirkstall were leaving Fountains, Cistercian! Western range, which was once the second wealthiest monastery in Lancashire, some years. And Wales stand two folly temples was on the Yorkshire side of hill. Was simple: they pulled down the church was stripped of anything of,! Monastic Administration, Economy, and light at the site abbey Gatehouse, Somerset, England, Uk Somerset! A mixed order ) in Swaledale a start, it was ‘remote from the habitation of man’ of! The 14th Century Whalley abbey Gatehouse, Somerset, England, Uk Economy.