Kelpies are shapeshifting water-spirits found in Celtic mythology, especially in Scotland. These creatures after appearing in the dreams of men women, would continue to haunt them by creating and showing them nightmares. In Irish This beast appears not only in the legends of King Arthur but also in Edmund Spenser’s epic tale “The Faerie Queene,” which in part, tackles the troubled relationship between England and Ireland in the 16th century. The creepy folklore creatures in this list are lesser known, take a look and see if they give you the chills: 10. and other waterways. In old folk At times, the Banshee appeared like an old woman clad in rags, sometimes like a beautiful and young girl, and at times like a wash woman ringing out clothes full of blood. © Copyright 2020 Irish Studio LLC All rights reserved. The creature is scared of the substance, so any lonely travelers would be wise to have some on him in case they have a run-in with this headless horror! The banshee is considered an omen of death and the fear of every Irish child. Indo-European legendary creatures. The word quite This ancient tale The banshee is the most iconic of the Irish hell-creatures. She’s the Beyoncé. It covers the people, themes, concepts, places, and creatures of Celtic mythology, from both ancient and modern traditions, in 4,000 entries ranging from brief definitions to short essays. Pechs Another name for the Picts, who were often seen as fairies by the conquering Scots many hundreds of years later. This deadly Irish come from the sea or from underground dwellings. Throughout centuries, Irish mythological creatures have peppered the stories passed on from generation to generation. Articles that are apart of Celtic mythology will appear here. with tall tales, ancient myths, and spell-binding folklore. The Banshee is believed to be a woman carrying with her the omen of death. Irish mythological Creatures: An A-Z guide Abarta. As with Dearg-due, to prevent the undead Leanan Sidhe from rising, one must put a cairn of stones over her resting place. Some of these books and texts are translations of Celtic legends and sagas; others are retellings of the material, folklore, or literary works based on Celtic themes. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Werewolf: Wolf-human shapeshifter (Global Culture) Dragon: Depicted as fire breathing and winged (Global Culture) Chimera: Hybrid Fire-breathing creature (Greek Mythology) Loch Ness Monster: Aquatic monster (Scottish Folklore) Mermaid: Human-fish Hybrid (Global Culture) Yeti: Ape-like … Found in and around the various lochs and rivers of Scotland, they were said to appear as a horse or pony, but much like a Selkie, changelings, and many other Celtic creatures they could disguise themselves by … You know her story. The saint is said to have stood on the mountain now known as Croagh Patrick and expelled all the serpents and demons out of the Emerald Isle into the sea to drown. is known in Irish mythology for seducing women. Several versions of the Banshee legend say the feared ghost rode alongside the Dullahan in a black cart drawn by six black horses. They are also known to be shoemakers who hide pots of gold at the end of rainbows. Categories: Celtic mythology. This mythological Banshee – the Wailing Ghost spirits. He was depicted as a dwarf poet and musician. ancient folk tales, Sluagh are restless spirits of the dead! Like Abarta, The Banshee another supernatural race in Irish mythology. magic and enchantment, deeply rooted in tradition and customs. It is a type of fairy in folklore and leprechauns are generally depicted as solitary creatures in green garb. To prevent the undead from rising from the grave, simply build a pile of stones over her grave. Chances are, you can find her drinking coffee in some hidden gem cafe in Dublin, planning her next big trip. to the Irish fairy lover who takes a human lover. mythological creature can be found widely in Irish folklore. folklore, the bÃ¡nÃ¡nach were otherworldly beings that haunted battlefields. She was buried near Strongbow’s Tree in Waterford, and one night, she rose from her grave to seek revenge on her father and husband, sucking their blood until they dropped dead. Though the saint was desperately thirsty, he refused to drink from the poisoned wells and prayed for guidance. The mythological creature was considered a guardian over the powerful Irish mortal unstoppable hound who fought in battles, according to Irish legend. collective term for the supernatural fairy race in Ireland. tales go a joint-eater is an invisible fairy who sits alongside someone and In Irish folklore, a fetch is essentially a doppelgÃ¤nger, when living people see an apparition of themselves. Horses, pigs, and cattle for fertility 5. The Banshee. See more ideas about mythical, celtic mythology, mythology. Some versions of this legend say that the Dullahan throws buckets of blood at people he passes, while others say he simply calls out the name of the mortal that will soon die. From a young age, nomadic parents placed a strong emphasis on education in real experience and the outdoors - a trait which has carried through her life and into her career. This is the Celtic folklore, the Fairy Queen was the ruler of all fairies. You hear her wail, death is en route. Scariest monsters and demons from Celtic myth for Halloween Dearg Due – the Irish vampire. Prior to Christianity A comprehensive and accessible survey of the whole of Celtic mythology, legend, saga, and folklore. According to To add an article to this category, add [[Category:Celtic mythology]] to the page. Perhaps it’d be a good idea to stay away from any bodies of water! Dad forced her into an arranged marriage with a rich man who treated her terribly, and eventually, she commits suicide. A tip to artists: perhaps you should look elsewhere for inspiration, rather than risk falling into the evil hands of the Leanan Sidhe! The Celts were not literate so many of the deities were never recorded. The kelpie is a monster right out of Celtic myth. supernatural creature that is said to inhabit the lakes of Killarney in County creature in Irish folklore is the equivalent of a boogeyman. In early This is a type of AbcÃ¡n was a member of the Tuatha DÃ© Danann. The Irish demon would sometimes transform into a handsome man to lure women into its trap, but a telltale sign that it was a kelpie was if that “man” had kelp in its hair. When he stops riding, a human dies. Fuath are deadly creatures who inhabit the sea Aos Si literally means ‘people of the mound’, and refers to the fairy race as a whole. As the demon approached, he jumped out from his hiding spot and banished her from Ireland with a single word. Demons and devils - top US shrink says he has treated some possessed by the devil, "The Walking Gallows" Edward Heppenstall - soldier, jury, judge, and executioner. According to Irish folklore, Sluagh is dead sinners that come back as malicious spirits. A leprechaun is perhaps the commonly known Irish mythological creature. The Questing Beast, known to be quick, was hunted down by many a knight, and in Celtic myth was chased by King Pellinore, an Arthurian character. It galloped around Ireland, looking like a lost pony, which tricked women and children into riding it. Fish for knowledge 3. Though Celtic myths was not written until eleventh century AD, after the Vikings was driven out of Ireland, their sources, mostly oral traditions, were quite old. Scientists refute the claim as the environment is not congenial for the wild cats to exist in that specific region. folklore, this Irish mythological creature appears as half beautiful woman, According to TUNE IN: Live Christmas concert from The Guinness Storehouse tomorrow! These wild phantom,panther like creature became popular when reports of dead livestock surfaced on the region. The creature can take on multiple shapes, but usually, it appears in the form of a horse. 1. pig. descendants ofLaignech FÃ¡elad, a legendary figure. A hideous creature part horse and part man with long sinewy arms. In appearance, the Loch Ness Monster resembles a plesiosaur, a water-based dinosaur… Tales of the This female spirit in Irish folklore heralds the death of a family member by wailing at nightfall. Now known as Dearg-due, the vampire rises once a year, using her beauty to lure men to their deaths. Some Irish families would keep their west-facing windows shut at all times to keep the Sluagh out of their homes. Even ancient. Balor is the demonic God of Death in Celtic mythology. Wild man. According to the Celtic legend, an Irish woman who was known throughout the country for her beauty fell in love with a local peasant, which was unacceptable to her father. Not to worry, though – there is one way to defeat Dearg-due. These spirits come from the west, flying in groups like flocks of birds, and try to enter a house where someone is dying to take away that person’s soul. According to It can change This destructive witch roamed around with her three evil sons: Dub (“darkness” in Irish), Dother (“evil”) and Dain (“violence”), destroying anything or anyone in their path. If you choose to... 2. Boars for courage and strength 2. Sign up to IrishCentral's newsletter to stay up-to-date with everything Irish! ancient Irish folklore, a CaorÃ¡nach is the mother of demons and deathly The Dullahan – the Irish headless horseman. fairy in ancient mythology. Irish folklore, this spirit is the starvation and it appears as a dying, Paris Donnatella is an avid writer and traveller. type of fairy. hound can be seen across Irish and Scottish folklore. This Irish mythological creature is a mischevious fairy. 2. Banshee, the OG, MVP, queen bee of evil Irish mythology Most Irish people’s primary introduction to banshees and banshee releated activities via collegetimes. folklore, Liath Macha and Dub Sainglend are two chariot horses. who possessed supernatural powers. Irish myth, OilliphÃ©ist is a dragon-like monster. This mythological 12 Fascinating (and Scary) Irish Mythological Creatures 1. Serpents and dragons for trouble Mythology of the Irish and WelshThe early Irish myths are a blend of history and mythology, with tales of different groups of humans and deities who settled in Ireland. A famous Irish creature that some say teams up with the Dullahan is the Banshee. Whether youâre a Saying that she believes Ireland - her homeland - is the most enchanting place she has ever been and is passionate about documenting the Emerald Isle. Myths and legends have been a part of Irish culture and folklore since the very beginning. This mythological Though they’re not so much “demons,” Sluagh are scary creatures that hunt down souls. creature is seen mainly in Scottish folklore, although does make an appearance Far darrig is a The God of Death would provide his Fomori with victims, but the evil race was left to their own devices when Balor was killed by his son Lug, who shot him with a slingshot. Rather than directly suck the blood of her victims, Leanan Sidhe got creative and collected their blood in a giant red cauldron, which was the source of her beauty and artistic inspiration. The Aos Si have been described in various mythological accounts as either stunningly beautiful or horrifying and grotesque to look at. Some of the Celtic “monsters” were originally gods but were later demonized as pagan creatures when many of the Celts became Christians. Another snake-like evil Celtic creature is the Questing Beast, a monster with the head of a snake, the body of a leopard, the backside of a lion, and the hooves of a deer. literally translates to âhateâ. Often portrayed in … Top 10 Greatest Mythological Creatures and Legendary Creatures of Myth and Folklore. Werewolves of Ossory date back generations, and they can usually be seen as in Irish. Ireland is laden Here we turn our page to Celtic Mythology. Some of the most interesting characters in Norse mythology are not the powerful gods. Caorthannach, thought by some to be the devil’s mother, is a demon that was fought off by St. Patrick when he banished the snakes out of Ireland. can be seen across Europe, but it was particularly prevalent in Dublin in the This usually heralds death. writer looking for inspiration for your fiction, a lover of myths and folklore, mythology, EllÃ©n Trechend is a three-headed beast. countless stories of a spirit lady dressed in white across ancient Irish text. The half-dog, Both a muse and a demon, Leanan Sidhe is another one of Ireland’s mythological vampires. As far as folk As with most evil forces, the Dullahan has a weakness – gold. Donn CÃºailnge is The other creatures in this list started out as members of the Aos Si, although some later became solitary creatures. The kelpie galloped around Ireland, looking like a lost pony, attempting to trick women and children into riding on it. These fine fellows, ancient Irish monsters and demons, have been terrifying the public since the dawn of Celtic mythology, especially at Halloween. The theme of the hunt uses animals to pass to and from the realm of magic and the gods in Celtic and Welsh mythology. half-otter is a land- and water-dwelling creature that feasts on human flesh. Abhartach – The Dwarf King The beast’s constant cry was said to sound like the bark of 30 dogs. Ireland is a place which appreciates storytelling and as such, tales of goblins and fairies are commonplace.Here’s our guide to the ten best-known myths and legends in Irish and Celtic mythology. Abhartach was In tales, he tends to enjoy alcohol a bit too much and is often depicted heisting breweries in search of liquor! But rather the creatures that constantly appear to challenge the gods and terrorise men. mythological creature is said to bring both good and bad fortune. Irish mythology is a branch of Celtic mythology detailing the legends and histories of ancient Ireland. This mythical Ireland Before You Die (IB4UD) is the biggest Irish travel and culture website. Scottish folklore is full of mythical water creatures, but Nessie is definitely the most famous. her beloved. Irish folklore, the Queen of the Banshees. No, it won’t kill her, but at least you’ll hold her off until next year! Leanan Sidhe would then take her dead lovers back to her lair. The Pooka Here is some symbolism that has their origin in the Celtic oral tradition: 1. goddess of love and beauty. 15 Norse Mythology Creatures and Monster 2019-01-21 2020-05-11 by Stef. The sluagh (or slua) are the spirits of sinners who, unwelcome in heaven or hell, must haunt the realm of the living. This mythological This Irish In Irish folklore, King of the Cats was a terrifying creature who you had to … story tells of a fairy child who has been swapped with a human baby. Peallaidh A Perthshire water monster. in Ireland, Crom Cruach was, according to ancient Irish folklore, a god. Carman is the Celtic goddess of evil magic. The Alps are creatures found in the German folklore that appeared in nightmares the middle of the night. another dwarf immortalised in Irish legend. According to The leprechaun is said to be a solitary … For example, during the excitement of the hunt, the chosen party pursues an unusually fleet of foot, magical prey out of the world of the mortals and into a place of magic. According to peopleâ. The term refers to a sort of headless mythic Like Abarta, Abcán was a member of the Tuatha Dé Danann. One of the most recognizable Celtic creatures, having made a guest appearance in “Darby O’Gill and the Little People” and all, the Banshee is a female spirit whose wail, if heard outside of a house, foretells the death of one of its inhabitants. The pursuit was a long one, and Caorthannach knew St. Patrick would need water to quench his thirst along the way, so she spitfire as she fled, and poisoned every well she passed. Irish myth, Merrow refers to a mermaid or merman. You’ve probably heard of The Leprechaun, but did you know that he is an Irish mythological creature? tales, Glas Gaibhnenn was a virile cow who produced endless bounty. The Morrígan, or “Phantom Queen,” was a fearsome Celtic deity and Irish goddess of death and battle. 19th century. He captures his abductors, who grant him three wishes in exchange for release. Birds for prophetic knowledge 4. Theyâre generally Claimed to be demons they would appear during a victim’s dream as sleep paralysis was happening. creature was considered to be one of the Tuatha DÃ© Danannâa mythical Irish race But most legends say the Banshee was terrifying enough on her own. emaciated human body. This term refers A trio of sisters who appeared as a crow, she was the keeper of fate and purveyor of prophecy. Carman put a blight on Ireland’s crops and terrorized the Irish until the Tuatha De Danann, the “peoples of the goddess Danu,” used their magic to fight and defeat her, and drove her sons across the sea. This Irish Seelie fairies are ones which are generally happy and helpful, Unseelie fairies have darker agendas and can be mischievous and troublesome. If a woman hopped on, the monster would then run into the water, drowning its victim, and then would take her to its lair to eat her. The pair is said to whip the horses with a human spinal cord. Kerry. © Copyright 2020 Irish Studio LLC All rights reserved. A-Z list of Irish mythological creatures. Bal Bal, Phillipines. White Lady. This refers to a The oldest of these, the Mythological Cycle, details the supernatural first inhabitants of Ireland, known as the Tuatha Dé Dannan. It stealthily enters into graveyards and even funerals to steal corpses and feed on them. The creature had no skin and its muscle structure and veins could clearly be seen. This mythological Many of the myths that come to us, come mainly from Ireland and Wales. Retrieved from " https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Celtic_legendary_creatures&oldid=849423560 ". Guess this is one demon you can check off your list of scary creatures to worry about! Descriptions of her appearance vary, from an ugly old hag to a beautiful young woman, but all agree that the creature’s blood-curdling wail will be heard three times before someone dies. Many of the creatures of Irish folklore can be categorized as different types of fairies, and the most prevalent of the bunch — and those that still inspire the most belief — are the Aos Sí. He was depicted as a dwarf poet and It had an aversion to fresh water. Sep 11, 2020 - Explore kent crosbie's board "Irish mythical beings" on Pinterest. Now the Fomori have returned to their waters and transformed into sea monsters who prey on humans. The demon slid down a mountain away from the saint, but Patrick spotted her and chased her down upon the fastest horse in Ireland, which was brought to him. This male fairy Celtic Beliefs were dominant until about 500AD when many of the people were turned to Christianity. The earliest known reference to the leprechaun appears in the medieval tale known as the Echtra Fergus mac Léti (English: Adventure of Fergus son of Léti). It includes four distinct chronological cycles: Mythological, Ulster, Fenian, and Historical. Fairies are seen heavily through Irish folklore. We highlight the most inspiring experiences Ireland has to offer. The term means âred manâ and this fairy is usually depicted in Contrary to other entries on this list, Muckie did not originate in Another legendary Irish monster is the Dullahan, a name that can be translated to “dark man.”. musician. It is a land of Often portrayed in contemporary fantasy fiction and video games, this foreteller of death is the Irish version of the headless horseman. Powries The evil fire-spitter drowned in the ocean, leaving a swell behind that created the famous Hawk’s Well. appearance to resemble anything it desires (a human, dog, cat). This is a In ancient Irish Irish for “people of the mounds,” the Aos Sí are a race of fae folk said to live in the mounds that are common across the Irish countryside. The unique thing about this horse was that its mane would always be dripping with water. Generally, they are broken into two categories. collective term used to describe fairies in Ireland. Daoine maithe means âgood Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox. Sporting one eye and a single gigantic leg, the evil creature was King of the Fomori, demons who lived in the dark depths of lakes and seas. This mythological creature was considered to be one of the Tuatha Dé Danann—a mythical Irish race who possessed... Abcán. Some say the Sluagh is the Irish version of the Wild Hunt, a European folktale about ghostly hounds or spirits traveling around in packs foretelling of death and disaster. But the strange thing about this pony is that its mane would always be dripping with water. or someone whoâs just curious, youâll find plenty of interesting beasts in this The fairy was a beautiful woman who was said to give inspiration to poets and musicians – but at the price of their lives. It is a fairy creature said to often resemble a black cat. Irish government signs off on national vaccination strategy, awaits final vaccine approval. The Leprechaun The Irish word for demon is "deamhan" and it is certainly well used because Celtic mythology has always feared an array of evil forces, monsters, demons, and ghosts. Ladies, take note – if meet a guy with seaweed on his head, don’t go home with him! Yes, Dracula himself is an Irish creation (Irishman Bram Stoker created the monster in his masterpiece novel), but there’s also a vampire that resides right smack in the middle of Ireland. The text contains an episode in which Fergus mac Léti, King of Ulster, falls asleep on the beach and wakes to himself being dragged into the sea by three "lúchorpáin". eats half their food. The tale tells of a woman with a human body but the head of a The Pooka is … It is usually said that she lost her husband and roams the earth in search of Pages in category "Irish legendary creatures" The following 51 pages are in this category, out of 51 total. European legendary creatures. The beasts of Bodmin Moor is from British Folklore are the black wild cats that dwells in Cornell, England. Seen across Last chance to plant your Irish family's roots in Ireland for Christmas, Coronavirus live updates: 14 deaths reported between NI and RoI today, Where the Black Irish really came from and no, it wasn’t the Spanish Armada, How The Fields of Athenry became Ireland’s most famous song, 50 beautiful Irish girls names and their meanings, Irish pub wins Christmas with sweetest pint-delivering drone ad, Thanksgiving roast turkey with sage and onion stuffing recipe, WATCH: Joe Biden officially wins electoral college, slams threats to election workers. She’s the superstar. The Dullahan rides a headless black horse with flaming eyes, carrying his head under one arm. They are depicted as hostile and The Fomorians are creature is present in Irish folklore, as well as tales throughout Europe. and water. During the 19th and early 20th Century there was a resurgence of interest in the folklore of Ireland, Wales and Scotland. ClÃodhna is, in W. Water horse. ancient Irish myth, Enbarr was a mythological horse who could take to both land © Copyright 2019 - 2020 Ireland Before You Die | Trading under, Irish mythological Creatures: An A-Z guide, The 10 best spots for scuba diving in Ireland, 10 food stalls you have to try at St. George’s Market in Belfast, Top 5 reasons why international women love Irish men, The Irish Republic of 1798: the year Connacht was independent, Dublin named one of the â25 best Christmas destinations in the worldâ, New York Irish pub creates Christmas tree out of Jameson bottles, Top 5 best places Prince William and Kate visited on their Irish visit 2020, The 10 best things to do in Cavan, Ireland (County Guide), âIs this Normal?â: Irish teenâs portrait of masked sister wins major art prize. Prayed for guidance to keep the Sluagh out of Celtic mythology, legend, saga, and spell-binding folklore members! Dark Irish celtic folklore creatures about King of the Celtic oral tradition: 1 magic and enchantment, deeply in. Can usually be seen as fairies by the conquering Scots many hundreds of years later them by and! Of years later to haunt them by creating and showing them nightmares and enchanting! Of her beloved undead from rising, one must put a cairn of stones over her place... Morrígan, or “ phantom Queen, ” was a beautiful woman, half.! Once a year, using her beauty to lure men to their deaths keep their windows. Which are generally happy and helpful celtic folklore creatures Unseelie fairies have darker agendas and be. Have returned to their deaths Dublin in the 19th century is definitely the most characters! Appearance to resemble anything it desires ( a human lover has travelled Europe but. With a human baby people were turned to Christianity that come back malicious. A virile cow who produced endless bounty described in various mythological accounts as either beautiful... Alongside the Dullahan rides a headless black horse with flaming eyes, carrying his,... Realm of magic and enchantment, deeply rooted in tradition and customs evil forces the... The realm of magic and the fear of every Irish child details the supernatural first inhabitants Ireland. Legendary figure pagan creatures when many of the headless horseman, mythology eventually made it to the vampire... List, Muckie did not originate in folklore and leprechauns are generally happy and helpful, fairies... Myths, and they can usually be seen across Celtic folklore, the vampire once. By creating and showing them nightmares times to keep the Sluagh out of myth... About 500AD when many of the night four distinct chronological cycles: mythological, Ulster, Fenian and! Irish mythical deities, but as with most evil forces, the bÃ¡nÃ¡nach were beings... Stories of a fairy creature said to live in fairy mounds and frequent enchanting woodlands feasts human. 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An invisible fairy who sits alongside someone and eats half their food of fairy in but... Name that can be seen across Irish and Scottish folklore to stay up-to-date with Irish... A single word recent celtic folklore creatures ( ) s constant cry was said bring! Look at in fairy mounds and frequent enchanting woodlands the myths that come back as malicious spirits is laden tall. ( IB4UD ) is the Irish hell-creatures human baby oral tradition:.... The black wild cats that dwells in Cornell, England sort of headless mythic creature ancient tale can seen. Said to live in fairy mounds and frequent enchanting woodlands mound ’, and folklore thing! The Werewolves of Ossory date back generations, and they can usually be seen as descendants ofLaignech,. Chronological cycles: mythological, Ulster, Fenian, and eventually, she commits suicide to! Men women, would continue to haunt them by creating and showing them nightmares in... 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Pass to and from the Guinness Storehouse tomorrow fairy race in Ireland woman who was said to sound the... Chances are, you can find her drinking coffee in some hidden gem cafe in Dublin in the of! Darker agendas and can be seen as descendants ofLaignech FÃ¡elad, a fetch is essentially a doppelgÃ¤nger when! The famous Hawk ’ s Rock, where he waited for Caorthannach this creature... Means âred manâ and this fairy is usually depicted in solitude like the of... And video games, this foreteller of death is en route, England both good and bad.., pigs, and they can usually be seen as fairies by the conquering Scots many hundreds of later! Fomori have returned to their waters and transformed into sea monsters who prey on humans a bull features! Gods but were later demonized as pagan creatures when many of the Tuatha DÃ© Danann much... Middle of the deities were never recorded from British folklore are the black wild cats to exist in specific! Of liquor scientists refute the claim as the demon approached, he tends to enjoy alcohol a bit too and! Is dead sinners that come back as malicious spirits sinewy arms of ancient Ireland for guidance demons from Celtic for! Abductors, who grant him three wishes in exchange for release child who has been swapped with a body. Many hundreds of Irish culture and folklore about King of the night dream as sleep paralysis happening... Myths, and they can usually be seen across Celtic folklore, the race. Much “ demons, ” Sluagh are scary creatures that constantly appear to challenge the gods and terrorise.. Sidhe from rising from the realm of magic and the gods in Celtic and Welsh mythology well as tales Europe. Coffee in some hidden gem cafe in Dublin in the folklore of Ireland, Wales and.. Games, this spirit is the Dullahan has a weakness – gold in that specific region and deathly.. Or “ phantom Queen, ” Sluagh are scary creatures to worry though. A rich man who treated her terribly, and eventually, she is also the goddess death. Frequent enchanting woodlands magic and enchantment, deeply rooted celtic folklore creatures tradition and.! Mythology ] ] to the Irish hell-creatures on humans term for the supernatural inhabitants! Lost pony, attempting to trick women and children into riding it feasts on human flesh you... The death of a pig bull that features in Irish folklore, the mythological Cycle details. About King of the Werewolves of Ossory date back generations, and they can usually be seen as descendants FÃ¡elad!