On Tuesday, China said it had completed some of its reclamation work and would begin to build facilities for a range of civilian purposes, as well as “necessary military defense needs.”. Socio-economic and even political considerations often become extremely important in accentuating the problems of land degradation through salinization, sodication and related processes. Land reclamation has been increasingly seen as a solution to this. Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a waste landfill), is the process of creating new land from oceans, seas, riverbeds or lake beds. The government and developers are considering future plans to add more, with about 4,600 square miles in potential land to potentially reclaim. In post-war Japan, land reclamation has been carried out nationwide with relative ease. Kobe (Japan) – Land reclamation and tectonics; The extreme shortage of land in the conurbations of Japan, which is also noticeable everywhere in Kobe, and the constantly growing demand for land and deep water for its expanding port industries, have led since the mid-1950s to the increasing reclamation of land from the sea by means of landfill. Political and Economic Environment in Japan. Japan's reservoir of industrial leadership and technicians, well-educated and industrious work force, high savings and investment rates, and intensive promotion of industrial development and foreign trade produced a mature industrial economy. It is Japan's undisputed center of government, business, higher education, information, media, fashion, and culture. If considered a country in its own right, the Kansai would rank as the 10th largest economy in the world and be comparable in size to countries like the Netherlands or Australia. In FY 2005, Kansai's GRP (Gross Regional Product) was ¥101.1 trillion ($923 billion at $1=¥110). Authors: Marloes van Ginkel | Theo N. Olsthoorn. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences: Elsevier. (Former governor Nakaima initially took a negative stance toward the land reclamation project, but made a sudden In addition, Okinawa also has the lowest wages in Japan and offers a wide a range of subsidies and tax incentives for potential investors and employers. However you can access more content related to Business Environment in Japan in our Japan eventually emerged from the post-bubble “lost decade” of the 1990s and enjoyed its longest period of sustained, albeit modest, economic growth in the post-war era. Legally there was no serfdom; but the Indian wage workers, or peons, were reduced to virtual serfdom through indebtedness. Investments by some of the region’s largest companies in areas such as LCD/plasma flat-panel displays, photovoltaic cells, and lithium battery production helped account for this total. Megacities, In addition to the reliance of Japanese elected officials on campaign contributions from business, major industry associations and quasi-governmental regulatory bodies also provided lucrative post-government employment called amakudari (literally "descent from heaven") for senior bureaucrats as well as lower-level bureaucrats who regulate their industries. Northern Kyushu also boasts nearly 10 percent of Japan's automobile output, with Toyota, Nissan, and Daihatsu operating state-of-the-art final assembly facilities, and Honda has an advanced motorcycle plant in the region. These prefectures comprise Japan's agricultural heartland, with dairy production and farming in Hokkaido and highly prized rice growing in Akita and Miyagi. The Osaka Customs Office reported $141.5 billion ($1= ¥117.76) in total exports from the Kansai and $110.9 billion in imports for 2007. Japan’s economy entered recession, with real GDP contracting at a 1.1 percent seasonally adjusted annualized rate for the first three quarters of the year. In 2007, Kansai exported $20.4 billion in goods and services to the United States and imported $9.2 billion during the period. Disruption of the food chain/web. There are examples of negative impacts, from land reclamation, upon environments in the Netherlands, North America [4], Bahrain [6], Singapore[7], Malaysia [8]and Hong Kong [9]. Dubbed Japan's "Silicon Island", Kyushu accounts for 25 percent of Japan's total production of semiconductors. The Kansai region is Japan's second-largest industrial, financial, commercial and population center after the greater Tokyo area (Kanto). Bundled-up Bernie: 'Anti-fashion' Sanders sparks inauguration meme storm, Tokyo court backs ban on Japanese holding dual nationality, Biden and Trump deliver vastly different messages. land reclamation has been ongoing almost non-stop since then without giving rise to any dispute ... Land Reclamation and its Political Impact Introduction Environmental insecurity in Southeast Asia, ... Japan and other developed countries. While occupying only 11 percent of Japan’s total land area, the Kansai has a population of 24 million people (19 percent of Japan’s total), concentrated primarily in the cities of Osaka, Kobe and Kyoto. The reclamation of land from surrounding waters is used in Singapore to expand the city-state's area of usable and natural land. Negative effects of land reclamation Print. The reclamation of coastal land is arguably one potential solution to the growing demand for land, and its reclamation can be observed on a large … Japan has few natural resources, and trade helps it earn the foreign exchange needed to purchase raw materials for its economy. Approval of Land Reclamation in Henoko: The Japanese Government Must Take the Public Opinion in Okinawa Seriously Today, Okinawa Governor Onaga Takeshi revoked the approval of land reclamation in Henoko as part of the relocation of MCAS Futenma to Nago City. China says it has undisputed sovereignty over wide swaths of the South China Sea, a claim that overlaps with those of a number of other countries, including Vietnam and the Philippines. Hokkaido residents, however, are not predominantly farmers with only 5.2 percent of Hokkaido's 2.8 million jobs in farming. Japan has seen a recent uptick in defense spending as the administration of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe pushes to beef up the country’s passive security policy to allow the Self-Defense Forces to expand overseas operations in the name of collective self-defense. Consensus forecasts project the recession to continue into 2009, as export-driven manufacturing sectors have been particularly affected by the global downturn. Despite the economic downturn, good prospects exist for U.S. firms in alternative energy consumer goods, automotive parts (particularly ones focusing on electric or hybrid vehicles), motorcycle, aerospace, manufacturing equipment and systems, intelligent transportation systems (ITS), environmental remediation, and business aviation. Hokkaido, in particular, is showing gains in its tourism industry with the total number of visitors to Hokkaido increasing to 6.49 million people in 2007, an increase of over 170,000 people compared to 2004. In addition, the ministries have exercised power directly through the issuance of required licenses, permits and approvals that tightly regulate business activity. Preliminary trade data released for the first half of 2008 indicates a more significant drop with U.S. imports dropping by 5.1 percent and Kansai exports dropping by 10.9 percent. Political and Economic Environment in Japan. Land reclamation method depends on factors such as types of equipment available, type of coastal soil or sand, the topography of the ocean bed or even intended use of the reclaimed land. Prezi’s Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year; Dec. 15, 2020. In this study, soil and hydrological properties in an upland field catchment, which was reclaimed partially from a forest catchment, were compared with another forest catchment. Its major land reclamation projects have so far added about 23 percent to its total land area. However, access issues still hamper farm trade due to high tariffs on processed food products, restrictive plant quarantine measures on fruits and vegetables, trade-limiting quotas and complicated labeling practices. As for export opportunities, home building materials and interiors, packaged homes, sporting/outdoor goods and equipment, marine products, pharmaceuticals and medical equipment continue to be particularly promising sectors in northern Japan. Not one of the religions is dominant, and each is affected by the others. TY - JOUR. Detailed land reclamation plans form part of a company’s application for approval of a project. Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a waste landfill), is the process of creating new land from oceans, seas, riverbeds or lake beds. These record-high international trade figures represented 9.3 percent and 7.8 percent increases over 2006. area gets more accessible for human use and for resource extraction Okinawa Prefecture has a population of 1.38 million and a Gross Prefectural Product of approximately $37.3 billion (¥3.92 trillion/$1=¥105). What is worthy of attention in this research project is the knowledge that land reclamation … Taken together, these nine prefectures have a population of 21 million, making Central Japan the third most populous region in the country. Kyushu has a strong agricultural sector, producing about 20 percent of Japan's agricultural output, and ranks first in Japan in livestock output. We support his decision and demand that the Japanese 5. Detailed land reclamation plans form part of a company’s application for approval of a project. 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